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矯正體系專有名詞中英對照表

  • 發布日期:
  • 最後更新日期:108-7-26
  • 資料點閱次數:595
類別 中文 英文
一、法規 法規 Law and regulations
中華民國刑法 Criminal Code of the Republic of China
少年事件處理法 Juvenile Accident Act 
少年事件處理法施行細則 Enforcement Rules of Juvenile Accident Act 
少年輔育院院務委員會會議規則 Rules of Committee Meeting for Reform Schools 
少年輔育院條例 Organic Statute of Reform Schools 
少年矯正學校設置及教育實施通則 Establishment and Education Statute of Juvenile Correction Schools 
少年矯正學校學生申訴再申訴案件處理辦法 Regulations Governing Students’ Appeals and Re-appeals at Juvenile Correction Schools
少年矯正學校學生接見規則 Rules on Visit to Students of Juvenile Rectification Schools 
少年矯正學校學生累進處遇分數核給辦法 Regulations Governing Progressive Correction Scores for Students of Juvenile Correction Schools
少年矯正學校學生處遇審查委員會會議規則 Meeting Rules of Correction Committee of Juvenile Correction Schools 
少年矯正學校學生學籍管理辦法 Regulations Governing Status of Students at Juvenile Correction Schools
少年矯正學校辦理校外教學活動實施辦法 Regulations for Holding Out-of-School Teaching Activities by Juvenile Correction Schools 
少年觀護所設置及實施通則 Statute on Establishment of Juvenile Detention Houses
外役監受刑人返家探視辦法 Regulations Governing Home Visits by Open Prison Inmates 
外役監受刑人遴選實施辦法 Regulations Governing Inmate Selection for Open Prison 
外役監條例 Statute of Open Prisons
刑事訴訟法 Code of Criminal Procedure
收容人違規情節及懲罰參考標準表 Reference Standard for inmate violations and punishment
行刑累進處遇條例 Statute of Progressive Execution of Penalty
行刑累進處遇條例施行細則 Enforcement Rules for Statute of Progressive Execution of Penalty 
妨害性自主罪及妨害風化罪受刑人輔導與治療實施辦法 Regulations Governing Correction and Treatment for Inmates of Sexual and Social Custom Violations
戒治處分執行條例 Statute of Rehabilitation Penalty 
受刑人外出實施辦法 Regulations Governing Exit of Inmates 
受刑人吸菸管理及戒菸獎勵辦法 Regulations Governing Smoke Cessation and Cessation Encouragement 
受刑人金錢及物品保管辦法 Regulations Governing Custody of Inmates’ Money and Articles 
受刑人特別獎賞辦法 Regulations Governing Special Rewards to Inmates 
受刑人監外作業實施辦法 Regulations Governing Out-of-Prison Labor by Inmates 
受刑人調查分類辦法 Regulations Governing Inmate Investigation and Classification
受戒治人所外戒治實施辦法 Regulations Governing Out-of-Prison Rehabilitation for Inmates 
法務部戒治所組織通則 Organic Law for Ministry of Justice Rehabilitation Institution
法務部技能訓練所組織條例 Statute of Ministry of Justice Skill Training Institute 
法務部組織法 Organic Law of Ministry of Justice 
法務部監所作業基金收支保管及運用辦法 Regulations Governing Management of Business Funds of Prisons 
法務部矯正人員訓練所組織通則 Organic Statute for Ministry of Justice Corrective Personnel Training Institute 
保外醫治受刑人管理規則 Rules of Control for Inmates for Receiving Out-of-Prison Medical Treatment on Bail
保安處分執行法 Rehabilitative Measure Execution Act
保安處分累進處遇規程 Regulations Governing Progressive Implementation of Rehabilitative Measures 
保安處分處所戒護辦法 Regulations Governing Guard and Control in Rehabilitative Measure Institutions 
毒品危害防治條例 Drug Prevention and Control Act 
看守所組織通則 Organic Statute for Detention Centers 
執行死刑規則 Rules for Executing Death Sentences 
強制工作作業規則 Rules for Compulsory Implementation of Work Assignment
感訓處分執行辦法 Regulations Governing the Implementation of Disciplinary Education 
解送人犯辦法 Regulations Governing Sending Inmates Under Escort 
監所作業勞作金給付辦法 Regulations Governing Disbursement of Labor Income in Prisons 
監所受刑人作業慰問金發給辦法 Regulations Governing Disbursement of Inmate Labor Consolation Payment in Prisons
監所受刑人被告作業獎勵金發給辦法 Regulations Governing Disbursement of Inmate Labor Rewards in Prisons
監獄行刑法 Law of Execution in Prison
監獄行刑法施行細則 Enforcement Rules of Law of Execution in Prison 
監獄受刑人與眷屬同住辦法 Regulations Governing Co-inhabitation of Inmates and Families
監獄組織通則 Organic Statute of Prisons
管收所規則 Rules for Custodian Institutions
管收條例 Statute of Custody 
聯合國在監人處遇最低標準規則 The United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners 
竊盜犯贓物犯保安處分條例 Statutes of Rehabilitative Measures for Burglars and Fence Offenders  
羈押法 Detention Act 
羈押法施行細則 Enforcement Rules of Detention Act 
觀察勒戒處分執行條例 Statute of Execution for Rehabilitation Penalty 
二、機關 機關 Organizations
法務部矯正人員訓練所 Training Institute for Correctional Officers, Ministry of Justice 
監獄,女子監獄,第二監獄,外役監獄 Prison, Women’s Prison, the Second Prison, Open Prison 
戒治所,戒治所合署辦公 Rehab Institution, Under-One-Roof Operation (working under one roof with)
技能訓練所,技能訓練所合署辦公 Skill Training Institution, Under-one-Roof Operation (working under one roof with)
少年輔育院 Juvenile Reform School
少年矯正學校 Juvenile Correction School
看守所,看守所合署辦公 Detention Center, work under one roof with
少年觀護所,少年觀護所合署辦公 Juvenile Detention House, work under one roof with 
少年戒治所,少年戒治所合署辦公 Juvenile Rehabilitation Institution, work under one roof with 
 三、單位 單位 Unit
矯正司 Department of Correction 
調查科 Investigation Section 
教化科 Edification and Education Section 
作業科 Business Section 
衛生科 Sanitation and Health Section 
戒護科 Guard and Control Section 
總務科,總務組,總務處 General Affair Section )Division, Department) 
技訓科 Skill Training Section
教務組,教務處 Educational Affairs Division (Department) 
訓導組,訓導處 Discipline Division (Department) 
保健組 Healthcare Division 
輔導處,輔導科 Assistance and Guidance Section (Department) 
警衛隊 Guard detachment 
醫護室 Nursing Room 
教導組,教導科 Educational Assistance Division (Section) 
鑑別組,鑑別科 Lab Test Division (Section) 
行政室 Administrative Office 
人事室 Personnel Office 
會計室 Accounting Office 
統計室 Statistics Office
政風室 Government Ethics Office
分監,分所 Branch Prison, Branch 
女監,女所 Women’s Prison, Women’s Institution 
名籍股 Roster Management Section 
庶務股 Miscellaneous Affairs Section 
保管股 Custodian Unit 
 四、職稱 職員 Staff
替代役男 Substitute military men, Military conscripts serving civil service 
雇員 Clerk 
書記 Clerk 
管理員,辦事員,書記官 Controller, Assistant 
主任管理員 Chief controller 
科員,課員,組員,技士 Member of  Section, Assistant, technical assistant 
導師,調查員,教誨師,輔導員,專員,教導員,訓導員 Coach, investigator, counsel, advisor, specialist, educational assistant, discipliner 
課長,科長,主任,警衛隊隊長,編審 Section chief, director, chief guard, senior editor 
秘書,監長,視察,技正 Secretary, Superintendent, Inspector, Senior technician 
專門委員,簡任視察,簡任技正 Senior administrator, Senior inspector, Senior technician (technician holding selected rank) 
助理員 Assistant 
人事管理員 Assistant personnel officer 
電腦操作員 Computer operator 
資訊管理師 Information manager
副典獄長,副院長,副所長,副校長 Depute superintendent, Deputy director, Deputy Principal
典獄長,院長,所長,校長 Superintendent, Director, Head, Principal 
副司長 Vice Director 
司長 Director 
 五、收容人 收容人 Inmates
受刑人 Inmates serving prison sentence 
被告 Defendant 
被收容少年 Juvenile inmate
受強制工作處分人 People subjected to compulsory labor 
學生 Student 
受觀察.勒戒人 People under observation, rehab people 
受戒治人 People receiving rehabilitation (detoxification) treatment 
受保護管束人 People under custody 
受感訓處分人 People subjected to educational discipline 
被管收人 Inmates, people under custody 
感化教育受處分人 People subjected to educational discipline
被留置人 Detainees 
六 、場地 場地 Sites
行政大樓 Administrative Building 
戒護大樓 Guard and Protection Building 
技藝大樓 Skill Training Building 
中央台 Central Station 
備勤室 Rehab Preparation Room 
值日官室,督勤官室 Duty Officer’s Room
替代役男寢室 Dormitory for substitute military men 
教區 Educational block
炊場 Kitchen site 
工場 Worksite, workshops 
舍房 Ward
新收舍房 Ward for new inmates 
違規舍房 Ward for rule breakers 
獨居房 Single ward 
考核房 Observation ward 
鎮靜室 Pacification ward 
病舍,病室 Patient ward 
常教室 Room for habitual education 
教誨堂 Inculcation Room 
禮堂 Assembly hall 
諮商室 Consultation room 
接見室 Reception room
律見室 Room for meeting attorney 
庫房 Storage 
合作社 Cooperative store 
崗哨 Sentinel, sentinel post 
巡邏道 Patrol path 
內圍牆,三米牆 Inner wall, three-meter wall 
外圍牆,五米牆 Outer wall, five-meter wall
三道門 Triple-section gates 
車檢站 Car inspection station 
複驗站 Re-inspection station 
風雨走廊 All-weather Corridor 
晒衣場 Laundry drying year 
資源回收場 Recycle yard 
農場 Farm 
有機堆肥場 Compost yard 
 七、委員會 委員會 Committees
監(院,所,校)務委員會 Prison (institution, school) Affairs Committee
累進處遇審查會 Screening Committee on Progressive Corrective Measures 
 八、 其他
管教小組 Discipline Small Group
搬運隊 Moving and loading team 
內清潔隊 Inside cleaning squad 
外清潔隊 Outside cleaning squad 
外役隊 Out-of-prison labor squad 
園藝隊 Horticultural squad 
外農隊 Out-of-prison farming squad
技藝訓練班 Skill training class 
收容人作業 Inmate labor operations 
收容人技訓 Skill training for inmates 
徒刑 Penalty sentence 
拘役 detention 
判決書 Verdict, decision of judgment 
裁定書 Statement of decision 
指揮執行書 Command instructions for execution 
交付書 Referral letter 
押票 Escort warrant 
指紋 fingerprint 
人相 Facial photo, facial image 
筆跡 handwriting 
獨居監禁 Solitary confinement 
雜居監禁 Mix-up confinement 
分類雜居 Classified mix-up confinement 
累進處遇 Progressive corrective treatment (measures) 
和緩處遇 Mild measure 
檢身 Body search 
檢房 Ward search 
戒具 Guard instruments (handcuffs and leg shackles)
手梏 Handcuffs, hand shackles
腳鐐 Foot shackles, leg shackles 
聯鎖 Chain  
捕繩 Catch rope 
脫逃 Escape, jailbreak  
返家探視 Home visit 
日間外出就學,日間外出就業 Go school at daytime, go work at daytime 
視同作業 Regarded as labor 
接受委託作業 Take commissioned labor job 
承攬作業 Canvass business 
自營作業 Self-run business 
勞作金 Labor compensation  
易服勞役 Conversion to labor penalty
作業基金 Business fund 
勞作金 Labor compensation 
慰問金 Consolation money 
個別輔導 Individual guidance, individual counsel 
入監教誨 Be sent to prison for correction 
在監教誨 In-prison education
出監教誨 Post-imprisonment education, education after discharge 
團體輔導 Group counseling 
集體輔導 Collective counseling
集體教誨 Collective education 
類別教誨 Classified education 
個別教誨 Individual education 
補習教育 Cram lessons 
宗教教誨 Religious education 
自費延醫 Medical treatment at own expense, self-paid medical treatment 
保外醫治 Medical treatment on bail 
強制營養 Compulsory feeding
接見 Reception, meeting, visit 
通信 Correspondence, communications 
訓誡 Injunction, reprimand  
停止接見 Suspension of visit, visit suspension 
強制勞動 Forced labor, compulsory labor
告誡 Warning  
勞動服務 Labor service
假釋 parole 
假釋證書 Parole certificate 
釋放 Release, discharge 
收容 Take in, hold, accommodate, admit 
羈押 Detain, detention 
身分簿 Status book 
名籍簿 Roster, name list 
一般教學部 Ordinary teaching sector 
特別教學部 Special teaching sector 
嚴為分界 Strict demarcation 
分別監禁 Separate confinement 
分界監禁 Demarcated confinement, confinement in demarcated quarters  
分界收容 Admission according to boundaries 
分別羈押 Separate detention, be detained separately 
寄禁 Outsourced detention, commissioned detention 
責任分數 Responsibility score 
成績分數 Score
留級 Class demotion 
停止晉級 Promotion suspension  
降級 Demotion 
調適期 Adaptation period
心理輔導期 Period (phase) of psychological guidance 
社會適應期 Period (phase) of social adaptation
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